Without a filter, the condensate drain will not be able to drain moisture from the air conditioning unit. This will result in condensation building up in the Freon tube. Condensation will begin to drip down the tray, causing water damage to the entire system.
The short answer is yes, your HVAC system can operate without a filter.
However, just because you can doesn't mean you should. Running your HVAC unit without a filter is probably OK for a short period of time, but continuing to do so for more than six hours is already delaying it. Unless you want your system to blow dirty air into your home or office and you also run the risk of damaging the unit, it is not advisable to run the system without a filter. A common problem if you use your air conditioner without a filter is that indoor air quality deteriorates. As dust and dirt penetrate the interior of the air conditioner, this contaminant will recede repeatedly and remain suspended in the air.
The longer you leave your air conditioner running without a filter, the more likely you are to have problems with indoor air quality. As a result, you or others in your household may experience increased symptoms of allergy, respiratory problems, eye irritation, or irritation of the nose and throat. In general, ovens are placed in dusty places. If you had to use your home oven without an air filter, all that dust and debris could get stuck in your system and cause quite a large build up. Over time, these build-ups can clog and damage the system.
To protect and extend the life of your system, we recommend that you only operate the oven with an air filter. With each passage through the system, air must pass through the air filter, which continuously removes dirt, dander, and other contaminants from the air. Now that you understand the different types of damage that can occur, it is to be hoped that you will see the importance of proper use of the air filter. Although most residential air filters have a MERV rating of only 1 to 4, these are usually not enough to filter out the smallest particles. Not only does an air filter trap particles and protect the air conditioner, but the filters also keep debris out of the air ducts.Because dirt, dust, dander, and other particles in the air can damage an air conditioner, air filters are needed to act as a barrier to the air conditioner.
For homes or buildings with a higher amount of dust inside, there is a greater risk of damaging systems that do not use an air filter. Some air conditioning systems are large and complicated, and even finding the filter can be difficult. The main purpose of the air conditioning filter is to clean the air circulating in the air conditioning system. To serve this purpose optimally, most filters are made with a unique material, such as fiberglass or a special cloth, which will trap particles in the air they contain. Without a filter, the system will suck in debris-laden air and return the same dirty air to the indoor environment, contributing to health problems.
The return vent that draws in the air has a filter, which is the only thing that stands between the clean air entering the unit and the dirt and debris that were present in the air before it was sucked in. When you operate your air conditioner without an air filter in place, the air conditioner sucks in “dirty air” and circulates that air back to your home.